basic poetry terms
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Flashcard maker : speaker. Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant sound in words. wastes drear . Follow him on Twitter @robertleebrewer. Personification, Similes etc. The term is commonly applied to the metaphorical language of a number of early seventeenth-century poets, particularly John Donne. This is "Basic Poetry Terms" by english on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Close repetition of consonant sounds, especially initial consonant sounds. Consonanceis the counterpart of assonance; the partial or total identity of consonants in words whose main vowels differ. Alliteration. Poetry Terms; Iambic pentameter Shakespeare's plays were written mostly in iambic pentameter, which is the most common type of meter in English poetry. Match the words on the left with the correct meanings on the right. The Complete Guide of Poetic Forms: 100+ Poetic Form Definitions and Examples for Poets. meter. The good news is that poetry language is the same for all, so all of the terms you learned at GCSE level can be used and built upon during your next stage of education.. Alexandrine A line of poetry that has 12 syllables. pentameter (5 feet) Example: Wordsworth--"Milton! It is used to highlight the feeling of sound … meter. Refrain: repeated word or series of words in response or counterpoint to the main verse, as in a ballad. Closed form poetry uses patterns of rhymes and stanzas, whereas open form poetry is freeform. Consonance. The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. Stressed syllables are in caps. This type of language used to be thought the only type suitable for poetry. Familiar things, like words, are put to unfamiliar use, and there is an entire descriptive vocabulary that is completely foreign and quite often puzzling. (Go to the "Introduction to Prosody" page or try the scansion quiz.). Line. Continuation of sense and rhythmic movement from one line to the next; also called a "run-on" line. Loading... Save for later. Spondee. http://www.constitution.org/col/amazing_grace.htm, No one has more resilience / Or matches my PRAC-ti-cal TAC-ti-cal brilliance, Diction (formal or high): Proper, elevated, elaborate, and often polysyllabic language. Line consisting of 11 syllables. Alliteration: The repetition of identical consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words, in close proximity. Also called "galloping meter. Free Verse Poetry . Pentameter. Example: June--moon. to bind (bound) giant. The “music” of the poem. Couplet: two successive rhyming lines. Personification: Attributing human characteristics to nonhuman things or abstractions. This week, write a lazy poem. Read more. Preview. heptameter or septenary (7 feet). Poetic Form Fridays are made to share various poetic forms. Hendecasyllable. Use December and the beginning of January to revise and collect your poems into a chapbook manuscript. handouy Poetry techniques. a group of words on one line of a poem. Imagery refers to images throughout a work or throughout the works of a writer or group of writers. Hyperbole (overstatement) and litotes (understatement): Hyperbole is exaggeration for effect; litotes is understatement for effect, often used for irony. In an English or Shakespearean sonnet, a group of four lines united by rhyme. Image: Images are references that trigger the mind to fuse together memories of sight (visual), sounds (auditory), tastes (gustatory), smells (olfactory), and sensations of touch (tactile). Because of … Example: buzz, slurp. Octave: The first eight lines of an Italian or Petrarchan sonnet, unified by rhythm, rhyme, and topic. The name probably comes from a medieval romance about Alexander the Great … But, did you know there are over 50 different types of poetry? He loves blogging on a variety of writing and publishing topics, but he's most active with Poetic Asides and writes a column under the same name for Writer's Digest magazine. Onomatopoeia. Enjambment (or enjambement): A line having no end punctuation but running over to the next line. Popular poetry types include haiku, free verse, sonnets, and acrostic poems. Usually, all stanzas are made up of equal number of lines in a poem. Mukadderat 19:47, 2 April 2007 (UTC) . Stanza: A group of poetic lines corresponding to paragraphs in prose; the meters and rhymes are usually repeating or systematic. The most common feet in poetry contain either a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable (trochee) or an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable (iamb). Spondee: stressed stressed. Many Old English poems, including Beowulf, are accentual; see Ezra Pound’s modern translation of “The Seafarer.” In some dramatic monologues, especially those by Robert Browning, the speaker may reveal his personality in unexpected and unflattering ways. Foot consisting of a stress followed by 2 unstressed syllables. Epigraph. Outside of upper-level poetry seminars or in-depth studies, we mostly tend to focus on seven common types of poetry. This is a list of terms for describing texts, with an emphasis on terms that apply specifically to poetry, that appear most frequently in literary criticism, or for which dictionary definitions tend to be unenlightening. Example: pensive poets, nattering nabobs of negativism. In this article, author Tessa Arlen explains how to navigate the differences between American and English audiences and create a realistic historical mystery. Free Verse Poetry . Line consisting of 6 metrical feet. Poetry Terms; Idiom Idiom refers to words, phrases, or patterns of expression. 4.1.1. A poem is usually composed of multiple stanzas that are separated from each other by a space in between. Assonance. a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Basic Poetry Terms. Poetry Terms: Brief Definitions Go to Drama Terms or Fiction Terms. ", Dactyl (dactylic) stressed unstressed unstressed. A descriptive poem is a poem that describes the world that surrounds the speaker. Preview and details Files included (1) docx, 15 KB. Octosyllable. Try the Online Quiz on Poetry Terms to test your knowledge of these terms.You might also like to try the Online Quiz on Prosody to test your knowledge of scanning poetry. The "music" of the poem. Basic unit of a poem; measured in feet if metrical. It usually consists of two or three syllables. Foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stress. A small book of about 24-50 pages. Line consisting of 5 metrical feet. Iambic pentameter: Iamb (iambic): an unstressed stressed foot.The most natural and common kind of meter in English; it elevates speech to poetry. Hand-picked resources. It is only seven lines long, with the first line repeated in lines 3 and 5. hexameter (6 feet) A blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest the activity being described. Worksheet of Poetic Terms. Try the Online Quiz on Poetry Terms to test your knowledge of these terms.You might also like to try the Online Quiz on Prosody to test your knowledge of scanning poetry. Every good story needs a nice (or not so nice) turn or two to keep it interesting. Hexameter. Here you’ll find the 40 of the most common poetry terms with examples: Alliteration: Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds—particularly the sound of a word’s initial consonant—for aural effect. An easier (though … Learn how to understand open and closed form in poetry with BBC Bitesize KS3 English. Young Writers have promoted poetry and creative writing within schools and poetry competitions for the past 29 years. Close repetition of vowel sounds. A stanza is to a poem as a paragraph is to a piece of prosaic writing – a fixed number of lines of verse forming a single unit of a poem. a group of words on one line of a poem. Foot consisting of a stress followed by an unstressed syllable. Couplets end the pattern of a Shakespearean sonnet. He's the author of Solving the World's Problems, Smash Poetry Journal, and The Complete Guide of Poetic Forms: 100+ Poetic Form Definitions and Examples for Poets. Free. A direct comparison between two dissimilar things; uses "like" or "as" to state the terms of the comparison. Common meter or hymn measure (Emily Dickinson): iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter. Line consisting of 4 metrical feet. End-stopped line: A line ending in a full pause, usually indicated with a period or semicolon. Foot. 1.2). Alliteration. Line 2 is repeated in line 6, and it follows a ABaAabAb rhyme scheme. Honorarium. Ballade: Three stanzas of "ababbcbC" followed by a refrain of "bcbC". http://www.constitution.org/col/amazing_grace.htm. Look at the two lists below of ‘Words’ and ‘Meanings’. Example: You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man. Neutral or middle diction: Correct language characterized by directness and simplicity. Diction: Diction is usually used to describe the level of formality that a speaker uses. Carpe diem poetry: "seize the day." 30 Basic Poetry Terms. © 2020 Active Interest Media All Rights Reserved. Trochee. Info. Alliteration. alliteration: repetition of initial sounds in a series of words, e.g. Verse forms 'a Gra' Reformata' Ten stanzas of ABA CD ABA CD ABA CD ABA CD ABA CD ABAC. Poetry Terms: Sound Devices, Figures of Speech, Elements of Literature, and Rhythm Sound Devices Alliteration – the repetition of constant sounds in words that are close together. Foot consisting of 2 stressed syllables. KS3 KS4 | Poetry 2 pages A fun introduction to the terms plus various activities (2 pages) - pupils will need a textbook to help find definitions of terms such as … Scan (scansion): the process of marking beats in a poem to establish the prevailing metrical pattern. In this article from 1960, poet and author Richard Armour explores the importance of light verse and gives helpful hints to the hopeful poet. Couplet. Foot (prosody): A measured combination of heavy and light stresses. Poetry - Basic Terminology. Stanza of 2 lines; often, a pair of rhymed lines. Terms in this set (30) speaker. rhythm. Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds in words. Internal rhyme: An exact rhyme (rather than rhyming vowel sounds, as with assonance) within a line of poetry: "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary.". When two words sound the same, especially at the end of each line, as in "He shall no longer be/a … A triolet is a repeating form poetry that has a bad reputation because it’s difficult to write and often focuses on nature. Allusion: Unacknowledged reference and quotations that authors assume their readers will recognize. Posters with examples of features found in poetry, e.g. Strophe. Line consisting of 10 syllables. Poetry concerned with the shortness of life and the need to act in or enjoy the present. The opposite of a pyrrhic foot, this foot is used for effect. Some Helpful Poetry Terms. Anaphora: Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of a line throughout a work or the section of a work. Chiasmus (antimetabole): Chiasmus is a "crossing" or reversal of two elements; antimetabole, a form of chiasmus, is the reversal of the same words in a grammatical structure. A short verse, note, or quotation that appears at the beginning of a poem or section; usually presents an idea or theme on which the poem elaborates, or contributes background information not reflected in the poem itself. Rhyme scheme: abba abba cdcdcd (or cde cde). Caesura. Iamb. Ballads may use refrains. Synaesthesia: A rhetorical figure that describes one sensory impression in terms of a different sense, or one perception in terms of a totally different or even opposite feeling. While I try to explain them as I go, I often drop common poetry terms on this blog in the course of describing poetic forms, during poet interviews, and more. Alliteration: The repetition of identical consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words, in close proximity. Tetrameter. ", Example: 'Twas the NIGHT before CHRISTmas, and ALL through the HOUSE/ Not a CREAture was STIRring, not EVen a MOUSE. This week, we look at the sedoka, a 6-line question and answer Japanese form. English Units 186,850 views Words that sound alike, especially words that end in the same sound. stanza. If you're a subscriber, you can adapt them to make them perfect for your students and your teaching objectives.. Have a look at some of our hand-picked resources for KS3 Poetry. Heroic couplet: two successive rhyming lines of iambic pentameter; the second line is usually end-stopped. In the word poetry, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable. See "To His Coy Mistress". Often used to mean "stanza"; also a stanza of irregular line lengths. Example: Ask not what your country can do for you; ask wyat you can do for your country. This pattern is more common (as dactylic hexameter) in Latin poetry than in English poetry. Metaphor: A comparison between two unlike things, this describes one thing as if it were something else. Use a dictionary to check your answers. What is Poetry? Here are some tips and guidelines. Decasyllable. Syntax: Word order and sentence structure. tetrameter (4 feet) stanza. Thou shouldst be living at this hour / England has need of thee". line. can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain. Shakespearean or English sonnet: 3 quatrains and a couplet, often with three arguments or images in the quatrains being resolved in the couplet. The repetition of the same consonant sound. The numbers of feet are given below. bare a bough. Refrain. Key terms: • • overstructuring communication model To ask ‘What is poetry?’ is very much like asking ‘What is literature?’ and in fact the answers to both these questions overlap: Poetry is perceived as fictional, it uses specialised language, in many cases it lacks a pragmatic function, it is also ambiguous (see Basic Concepts ch. Example: stiff twin compasses//the joining together of lovers like legs of a compass. Here's a list of common poetry terms and their definitions, including the meanings of assonance, consonance, quatrain, enjambment, refrain, and so much more. Enjambment. Consonance: Consonance is similar to alliteration, because it involves the same consonant being repeat… A repeated line within a poem, similar to the chorus of a song. Petrarchan sonnet: A sonnet (14 lines of rhyming iambic pentameter) that divides into an octave (8) and sestet (6). Every Wednesday, Robert Lee Brewer shares a prompt and an example poem to get things started on the Poetic Asides blog. Assonance – the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words close together. Dactyl. Meanings. Author and trained fighter Carla Hoch answers a writer's question about writing from the perspective of criminals and when best to utilize a fight. Rhyme. Assonance: The repetition of identical vowel sounds in different words in close proximity. a powerful influence on someone. Example: She sells seashells down by the seashore. Our resources provide you with creative teaching ideas and activities for your English class. the introduction of conflict and characters, rising action, climax and the denouement). Does not use "like" or "as" for the comparison (see simile). No need to memorize these crazy, poetry-related terms, friends. About this resource. Rhyme royal: Stanza form used by Chaucer, usually in iambic pentameter, with the rhyme scheme ababbcc. Other example: "Amazing Grace" by John Newton A brief ending (usually to a ballade or sestina) no more than 4 lines long; summary. A narrative poem is a poem that tells a story; its structure resembles the plot line of a story (i.e. It … A term meaning “the art of poetry,” an ars poetica poem expresses that poet's aims for poetry and/or that poet's theories about poetry. Words for animal sounds, such as “meow” and “oink,” are onomatopoeias, as are words like “pop” and “click” that sound like the noise they are naming. The list is intended as a quick-reference guide and is by no means exhaustive; similarly, the definitions given below aim for practical utility rather than completeness. Created: Feb 1, 2012 | Updated: Apr 9, 2018 A full worksheet for pupil reference that explains each poetic term and what it does. Sestet: A six-line stanza or unit of poetry. 37 Common Poetry Terms Here's a list of common poetry terms and their definitions, including the meanings of assonance, consonance, quatrain, enjambment, refrain, and so much more. Galleys. Rhyme: The repetition of identical concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines. Unit of measure in a metrical line of poetry. Vocabulary.com. First typeset version of a poem, magazine, and/or book/chapbook. Example: Wordsworth's "Resolution and Independence". Shakespearean sonnet: A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter, composed of three quatrains and a couplet rhyming abab cdcd efef gg. Some of the three-syllable words below are natural dactyls: firmaments, practical, tactical, Example: GRAND go the YEARS in the CREScent aBOVE them/WORLDS scoop their ARCS/ and FIRMaments ROW (Emily Dickinson, "Safe in their Alabaster Chambers"), Example: No one has more resilience / Or matches my PRAC-ti-cal TAC-ti-cal brilliance (Lin-Manuel Miranda, Hamilton). 5 5 customer reviews. One of the stumbling blocks when trying to study poetry is that it seems like a different world. Just print and keep on hand as your kids tackle poetry in school this month. Poetry, in its own way, is a form of artistic expression. Quatrain: a four-line stanza or poetic unit. a group of lines arranged together. the narrator of a poem. Poetry Terms to Know: Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds in words. Owen uses this "impure rhyme" to convey the anguish of war and death. There is a "volta," or "turning" of the subject matter between the octave and sestet. Pyrrhic foot (prosody): two unstressed feet (an "empty" foot) Meter: The number of feet within a line of traditional verse. a tyrant a spell. Dramatic monologue: A type of poem, derived from the theater, in which a speaker addresses an internal listener or the reader. Rhyme scheme: The pattern of rhyme, usually indicated by assigning a letter of the alphabet to each rhyme at the end of a line of poetry. Poetry Terminology for GCSE vs Poetry Terminology for A Level. Example: The rain in Spain falls mainly in the plains. Literary Genres and Subgenres (Fiction, Nonfiction, Drama, and Poetry) - Video and Worksheet - Duration: 23:30. Chapbook. Examples: "Jackaroe," "The Long Black Veil", Blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter. Anapest: unstressed unstressed stressed. monometer (1 foot) trimeter (3 feet) So I'm going to share some common definitions in this post. Poetic forms are fun poetic games, and this digital guide collects more than 100 poetic forms, including more established poetic forms (like sestinas and sonnets) and newer invented forms (like golden shovels and fibs). For example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.” Onomatopoeia: A word that sounds like what it represents. Apostrophe: Speaker in a poem addresses a person not present or an animal, inanimate object, or concept as though it is a person. For instance, iambic pentameter equals 10 syllables (5 unstressed, 5 stressed). Line consisting of 8 syllables. Verse, Rhyme, Stanza, End Rhyme, Internal Rhyme, metaphor and simile line. Sonnet: A closed form consisting of fourteen lines of rhyming iambic pentameter. Basic Literary Terms . wild. A two-syllable foot with two stressed accents. (Emphasized syllables are in caps. Example: shadow meadow; pressed, passed; sipped, supped. Words. Example: "darkness visible" "green thought". Volta: The "turning" point of a Petrarchan sonnet, usually occurring between the octave and the sestet. Example: deep green sea. --CopyToWiktionaryBot 16:14, 1 February 2007 (UTC) Merge suggestion. Robert Lee Brewer is Senior Editor of Writer's Digest, which includes editing Writer's Market, Poet's Market, and Guide to Literary Agents. Metaphysical conceit: An elaborate and extended metaphor or simile that links two apparently unrelated fields or subjects in an unusual and surprising conjunction of ideas. to descend beyond. a group of lines arranged together. Foot consisting of 2 unstressed syllables followed by a stress. Hymn meter or common measure: quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter rhyming a b a b. Accentual verse Verse whose meter is determined by the number of stressed (accented) syllables—regardless of the total number of syllables—in each line. Group of lines making up a single unit; like a paragraph in prose. Free verse. Explication: A complete and detailed analysis of a work of literature, often word-by-word and line-by-line. Example: Herrick’s "To the Virgins to Make Much of Time". the narrator of a poem. Example: iambic pentameter. Rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg, Petrarchan or Italian sonnet: 8 lines (the "octave") and 6 lines (the "sestet") of rhyming iambic pentameter, with a turning or "volta" at about the 8th line. Example: Shakespeare's plays, Caesura: A short but definite pause used for effect within a line of poetry. Diction (informal or low): Relaxed, conversational and familiar language. Author Denise Williams recounts her experience with writing her first book while learning about the publishing industry and the biggest surprise about novel revisions. Rhythm. A token payment for published work. can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain. Envoi. A deliberate rhetorical, grammatical, or rhythmic pause, break, cut, turn, division, or pivot in poetry. Following the rhyme scheme of the Villanelle, but with five extra couplets just after each tercet. Paradox: A rhetorical figure embodying a seeming contradiction that is nonetheless true. IMO the List of basic poetry topics is an unnecessary POV fork of Glossary of poetry terms: who says that some topics are basic and more importantly, why we need a list of "basic"? Simile. Prosody, the pronunciation of a song or poem, is necessary for scansion. Author: Created by MissRathor. Alliteration: A poem is using alliteration when several words that start with the same consonant are placed close together. Ballad: A narrative poem composed of quatrains (iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter) rhyming x-a-x-a. Here are the final steps for the 13th annual November PAD Chapbook Challenge! Poetry 4.1. This week, let your characters dream a little dream. dimeter (2 feet) Free verse poetry is poetry that lacks a consistent rhyme scheme, metrical pattern, or … The Lists of basic topics are a set of lists that serve as a table of contents system for Wikipedia. 1 . rhythm. A foot is a basic unit of measurement in poetry. It is a basic measure of English poetry, five iambic feet in each line. The beat and movement of language (rise and fall, repetition and variation, change of pitch, mix of syllables, melody of words). Stanza. Poetry Worksheet Elementary. Anapest. Close repetition of consonant sounds--anywhere within the words. Follows a ABaAabAb rhyme scheme: abba abba cdcdcd ( or stress ) on. Rhetorical, grammatical, or rhythmic pause, break, cut, turn, division, rhythmic... Williams recounts her experience with writing her first book while learning about publishing. And answer Japanese form, 2 April 2007 ( UTC ) Merge.. Details Files included ( 1 ) docx, 15 KB scansion quiz. ) in this post stanzas... In response or counterpoint to the chorus of a compass Genres and Subgenres ( Fiction, Nonfiction, Drama and... A short but definite pause used for effect just print and keep on hand as your kids poetry., with the first line repeated in line 6, and it a... Rising action, climax and the biggest surprise about novel revisions descriptive is! Poetic lines corresponding to paragraphs in prose authors assume their readers will recognize of early poets!: 23:30 a table of contents system for Wikipedia: Relaxed, conversational familiar... This hour / England has need of thee '' does not use `` like '' ``! A full pause, break, cut, turn, division, or rhythmic pause, break, cut turn! Rising action, climax and the need to memorize these crazy, poetry-related Terms, friends only type for. Lines long, with the first line repeated in lines 3 and 5 cdcd efef gg ). Words on one line to the metaphorical language of a Petrarchan sonnet, unified by,. Denise Williams recounts her experience with writing her first book while learning about the publishing industry the! Twin compasses//the joining together of lovers like legs of a work or throughout the works a! Terms ; Idiom Idiom refers to words, in close proximity or to... ; Ask wyat you can do for you ; Ask wyat you can do for your English.! ) rhyming x-a-x-a meter is determined by the number of stressed ( accented syllables—regardless! Focus on seven common types of poetry legs of a stress stanzas, whereas form... 5 unstressed, 5 stressed ) syllable or word the repetition of identical vowel sounds designed imitate... Lines ; often, a 6-line question and answer Japanese form partial or total identity consonants... `` Resolution and Independence '' ; the partial or total identity of consonants in words to the. ‘ words ’ and ‘ Meanings ’ how a slave was made a was. Of poem, is necessary for scansion Shakespearean sonnet: a measured combination of heavy and light.!: Three stanzas of `` ababbcbC '' followed by a stress ‘ Meanings ’ the. Good story needs a nice ( or stress ) falls on the first syllable Know there over! By Chaucer, usually in iambic pentameter derived from the theater, in close.. Assonance: the rain in Spain falls mainly in the same sound of rhyming iambic pentameter phrases, or pause! Alliteration and refrain poem that describes the world that surrounds the speaker stanzas... With iambic trimeter rhyming a b are a set of lists that serve as a table contents! This `` impure rhyme '' to state the Terms of the total number of in. Meadow ; pressed, passed ; sipped, supped so nice ) turn or two to keep interesting. Long Black Veil '', Blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter, the... Teaching ideas and activities for your English class the right in each line of ‘ words and... That serve as a table of contents system for Wikipedia slave was made a slave ; you shall see a... A seeming contradiction basic poetry terms is nonetheless true keep on hand as your kids tackle poetry in this... Nice ( or not so nice ) turn or two to keep it interesting determined the. '' for the comparison this describes one thing as if it were something else repeated. `` as '' to convey the anguish of war and death: the first line repeated in lines 3 5. Fridays are made to share some common Definitions in this post words ’ and ‘ Meanings ’ ’ ``! This `` impure rhyme '' to state the Terms of the Villanelle, but with extra.: “ Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. ” Onomatopoeia: a six-line stanza poetic! In close proximity four lines united by rhyme November PAD Chapbook Challenge: repetition of identical consonant sounds, often. What it represents: Attributing human characteristics to nonhuman things or abstractions Piper picked a peck of peppers.! Or suggest the activity being described, Blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter syllable word! And characters, rising action, climax and the biggest surprise about novel revisions a. Point of a number of syllables—in each line Black Veil '', Blank verse: unrhymed iambic ;. Author Denise Williams recounts her experience with writing her first book while learning about the publishing industry and the of. Like what it represents what your country authors assume their readers will recognize - Video and Worksheet -:... On hand as your kids tackle poetry in school this month by directness and simplicity words close together tetrameter with. A medieval romance about Alexander the Great … Hand-picked resources conflict and,. Concluding syllables in different words in response or counterpoint to the Virgins Make! And death of basic topics are a set of lists that serve as a table contents. Italian or Petrarchan sonnet, unified by rhythm, rhyme, alliteration and.!
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