acinonyx jubatus meaning
See more. cheetah - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums.  On 26 November 2017, a female cheetah named Bingwa gave birth to eight cubs in the St. Louis Zoo, setting a record for the most births recorded by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Meaning of acinonyx jubatus. This allows cheetahs to rapidly regain their stamina after a chase.  It gradually fell to extinction in Europe, possibly because of competition with the lion. , In 1777, Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber described the cheetah based on a skin from the Cape of Good Hope and gave it the scientific name Felis jubatus.  Mafdet, one of the ancient Egyptian deities worshiped during the First Dynasty (3100â2900 BC), was sometimes depicted as a cheetah. , Cheetahs are poor breeders in captivity, while wild individuals are far more successful; this has also been linked to increased stress levels in captive individuals. Alternatively the cheetah can lie hidden in cover and wait for the prey to come nearer.  In 1764 English painter George Stubbs commemorated the gifting of a cheetah to George III by the English Governor of Madras, Sir George Pigot in his painting Cheetah with Two Indian Attendants and a Stag. Because only two dozen or fewer chassis were built, with only a dozen complete cars, the Cheetah was never homologated for competition beyond prototype status; its production ended in 1966. Showing page 1. Write it here to share it with the entire community. This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 20:35. In the Kruger National Park (South Africa) territories were much smaller. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Acinonyx jubatus, family Felidae âSome of the animals highlighted in the photographs include lions, cheetahs, rhinos, hippos, giraffes and chimpanzees.â More example sentences  Moreover, the species apparently requires a sizeable area to live in as indicated by its low population densities. Males, sometimes even those in coalitions, fight among one another to secure access to the female. Acinonyx Jubatus - The Cheetah Commonly found in sub-Saharan Africa, the name "cheetah" comes from a Hindi word meaning "spotted one" or from the Sanskrit word "chitraka".  Joshua Brookes proposed the generic name Acinonyx in 1828. The Cheetahâs name comes from the Sanskrit word chita meaning spotted one. : an endangered species. Individuals will groom one another, lick each other's faces and rub cheeks. They may smell the spot she was sitting or lying on to determine if she was in oestrus..  During a typical chase, their respiratory rate increases from 60 to 150 breaths per minute.  The cheetah appears to have evolved convergently with canids in morphology as well as behaviour; it has canine-like features such as a relatively long snout, long legs, a deep chest, tough paw pads and blunt, semi-retractable claws. Another population, spread in Kenya and Tanzania, comprises 1,000 individuals. Abel Chapman considered it a colour morph of the normally spotted cheetah. How to say Acinonyx jubatus in Latin? Acinonyx jubatus synonyms, Acinonyx jubatus pronunciation, Acinonyx jubatus translation, English dictionary definition of Acinonyx jubatus.  The speeds attained by the cheetah may be only slightly greater than those achieved by the pronghorn at 88.5 km/h (55.0 mph) and the springbok at 88 km/h (55 mph), but the cheetah additionally has an exceptional acceleration. Then he will stand close to an elevated spot (such as tree trunks, stumps or rocks) with the tail raised, and the penis pointed at the area to be marked; other observing individuals might repeat the ritual.  A 1987 study showed territoriality depended on the size and age of males and the membership of the coalition.  However, its numbers in India plummeted from the 19th century onward; Divyabhanusinh of the Bombay Natural History Society notes that the last three individuals in the wild were killed by Maharaja Ramanuj Pratap Singh of Surguja (a man also noted for holding a record for shooting 1,360 tigers) in 1947.  While the first two-thirds of the tail are covered in spots, the final third is marked with four to six dark rings or stripes. However, they seldom lean on or rub their flanks against each other. The cheetah can give up the chase if it is detected by the prey early or if it can not make a kill quickly.  A study suggested that the limited retraction of the cheetah's claws may result from the earlier truncation of the development of the middle phalanx bone in cheetahs. Cubs born in the wild weigh 150â300 g (5.3â10.6 oz) at birth, while those born in captivity tend to be larger and weigh around 500 g (18 oz). Pronunciation of Acinonyx jubatus with 3 audio pronunciations, 4 synonyms, 3 meanings, 1 translation, 2 sentences and more for Acinonyx jubatus. The tear streaks on the face can sharply define expressions at close range. Pronunciation of Acinonyx jubatus with 1 audio pronunciation and more for Acinonyx jubatus. 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The diet of the Asiatic cheetah consists of livestock as well as chinkara, desert hare, goitered gazelle, urial and wild goats; in India cheetahs used to prey mostly on blackbuck.  Moreover, the cheetah is slightly taller than the leopard.  The appearance is caused by reinforcement of a recessive allele; hence if two mating cheetahs carry the mutated allele, a quarter of their offspring can be expected to be king cheetahs. It is a cheetah Meanwhile cheetahs nearby, who did not take part in the hunt, might feed on the kill immediately.  In a study in Serengeti, females were found to have a 95% success rate in breeding, compared to 20% recorded for North American captive cheetahs in another study.  Playing can improve catching skills in cubs, though the ability to crouch and hide may not develop remarkably. , Contrary to the common belief that cheetahs hunt by simply chasing its prey at high speeds, the findings of two studies in 2013 observing hunting cheetahs using GPS collars show that cheetahs hunt at speeds much lower than the highest recorded for them during most of the chase, interspersed with a few short bursts (lasting only seconds) when they attain peak speeds. The painting depicts a cheetah, hooded and collared by two Indian servants, along with a stag it was supposed to prey upon. Shortage of prey and conflict with other species such as humans and large carnivores are other major threats. , The coat is typically tawny to creamy white or pale buff (darker in the mid-back portion). It was created in 1828. Chinese emperors would use cheetahs, as well as caracals, as gifts.  Some suggest that North American cheetahs possibly migrated to Asia via the Bering Strait, then dispersed southward to Africa through Eurasia at least 100,000 years ago; some authors have expressed doubt over the occurrence of cheetah-like cats in North America, and instead suppose the modern cheetah to have evolved from Asian populations that eventually spread to Africa. Births take place at 20â25 minute intervals in a sheltered place such as thick vegetation. An open area with some cover, such as diffused bushes, is probably ideal for the cheetah because it needs to stalk and pursue its prey over a distance. Genus Acinonyx may be derived from the Greek words akaina meaning "a thorn" and onyx meaning "a claw" Specific epithet jubatus is Latin Refers to long, dorsal hair (mantle) on juveniles and some adults; Taxonomic distinction.  Cheetahs in the Sahara and Maasai Mara (Kenya) hunt after sunset to escape the high temperatures of the day. a large feline mammal, Acinonyx jubatus, of Africa and SW Asia: the swiftest mammal, having very long legs, nonretractile claws, and a black-spotted light-brown coat Collins English Dictionary . The highly reduced clavicle is connected through ligaments to the scapula, whose pendulum-like motion increases the stride length and assists in shock absorption. Early captive cheetahs showed a high mortality rate, with an average lifespan of 3â4 years. Growls, hisses and moans are accompanied by multiple, strong hits on the ground with the front paw, during which the cheetah may retreat by a few metres. In central Namibia, where most prey species are sparsely distributed, home ranges average 554â7,063 km2 (214â2,727 sq mi), whereas in the woodlands of the Phinda Game Reserve (South Africa), which have plentiful prey, home ranges are 34â157 km2 (13â61 sq mi) in size. (genus): Acinonyx jubatus (sole extant species) † Acinonyx aicha, † Acinonyx intermedius, † Acinonyx pardinensis (extinct species) Acinonyx kurteni (discredited as composite fossil, name invalidated) References  Acinonyx  The hair is mostly short and often coarse, but the chest and the belly are covered in soft fur; the fur of king cheetahs has been reported to be silky. Did you know? However, they may have to wait until as long as 15 months of age to make a successful kill on their own.  A 2013 study suggested that replication of social groups observed in the wild, like coalitions, could improve chances of successful mating in captive males. Recommended management practices for cheetahs include spacious and ample access to outdoors, stress minimisation by exercise and limited handling, and following proper hand-rearing protocols (especially for pregnant females). cheetah - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Acinonyx jubatus: 1 n long-legged spotted cat of Africa and southwestern Asia having nonretractile claws; the swiftest mammal; can be trained to run down game Synonyms: cheetah , chetah Type of: big cat , cat any of several large cats typically able to roar and living in the wild  Generation length of the cheetah is six years. Cheetah, (Acinonyx jubatus), one of the world’s most-recognizable cats, known especially for its speed.  Deaths result from several reasonsâstillbirths, birth defects, cannibalism, hypothermia, neglect of cubs by mothers, and infectious diseases.  Today the cheetah has been extirpated in most of its historical range; the numbers of the Asiatic cheetah had begun plummeting since the late 1800s, long before the other subspecies started their decline.  Cheetahs are sexually dimorphic, with males larger and heavier than females, but not to the extent seen in other large cats. , In 1975, five subspecies were considered valid taxa: A. j. hecki, A. j. jubatus, A. j. raineyi, A. j. soemmeringii and A. j. Congrats!  Besides the clearly visible spots, there are other faint, irregular black marks on the coat. The generic name Acinonyx coud hae oreeginatit frae the combination o twa Greek wirds: akinetos means motionless, an onyx means claw . Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Acinonyx jubatus".Found in 0 ms. , The oldest cheetah fossils, excavated in eastern and southern Africa, date to 3.5â3 mya; the earliest known specimen from South Africa is from the lowermost deposits of the Silderberg Grotto (Sterkfontein). The chase typically lasts a minute; in a 2013 study, the length of chases averaged 173 m (568 ft), and the longest run measured 559 m (1,834 ft). A female can conceive again after 17 to 20 months from giving birth, or even sooner if a whole litter is lost. Nearly all the cheetahs remaining  By 1987, the first major research project to outline cheetah conservation strategies was underway.  Mating begins with the male approaching the female, who lies down on the ground; individuals often chirp, purr or yelp at this time. Cheetahs chirp when they are excited, for instance, when gathered around a kill. Unlike the big cats, the cheetah tends to occur in low densities typically between 0.3 and 3.0 adults per 100 km2 (39 sq mi)âthese values are 10â30% of those reported for leopards and lions.  The specific name jubatus is Latin for "crested, having a mane". They are the major component of the diet in certain areas, such as Dama and Dorcas gazelles in the Sahara, impala in the eastern and southern African woodlands, springbok in the arid savannas to the south and Thomson's gazelle in the Serengeti. Bianco F., Bracch P.G.  Fossil remains from Europe are limited to a few Middle Pleistocene specimens from Hundsheim (Austria) and Mosbach Sands (Germany). : an endangered species. Deaths also occur from starvation if their mothers abandon them, fires, or pneumonia because of exposure to bad weather. 2001. Territoriality is preferred only if females tend to be more sedentary, which is more feasible in areas with plenty of prey. In Bacchus and Ariadne, an oil painting by the 16th-century Italian painter Titian, the chariot of the Greek god Dionysus (Bacchus) is depicted as being drawn by two cheetahs.  The animated series ThunderCats had a character named "Cheetara", an anthropomorphic cheetah, voiced by Lynne Lipton.  The weight can vary with age, health, location, sex and subspecies; adults typically range between 20 and 65 kg (44 and 143 lb). The eyes are shut at birth, and open in four to 11 days. Acinonyx: [noun] the genus of cats comprising the cheetahs which are distinguished by the absence of cutaneous sheaths for guarding the claws. What is cheetah? Cheetah, (Acinonyx jubatus), one of the worldâs most-recognizable cats, known especially for its speed. Pronunciation: (chÄ'tu), â n. a cat, Acinonyx jubatus, of southwestern Asia and Africa, resembling a leopard but having certain doglike characteristics, often trained for hunting deer, antelope, etc.  Cheetahs have an average hunting success rate of 25â40%, higher for smaller and more vulnerable prey.  The Mughal ruler Akbar the Great (1556â1605 AD) is said to have kept as many as 1000 khasa (imperial) cheetahs. Agonistic sounds: These include bleating, coughing, growling, hissing, meowing and moaning (or yowling). A distinctive member (Acinonyx jubatus) of the cat family, slightly smaller than the leopard, but with proportionately longer limbs and a smaller head; it is native to Africa and also credited with being the fastest terrestrial animal.  The 1896 painting The Caress, by the 19th-century Belgian symbolist painter Fernand Khnopff, is a representation of the myth of Oedipus and the Sphinx. The cheetahs in the painting were previously considered to be leopards. Cheetah definition is - a long-legged, swift-moving cat (Acinonyx jubatus) about the size of a small leopard with a yellowish to tan coat covered with numerous round to oval black spots and blunt claws that only partially retract and  The vocal characteristics, such as the way they are produced, are often different from those of other cats. , The king cheetah is a variety of cheetah with a rare mutation for cream-coloured fur marked with large, blotchy spots and three dark, wide stripes extending from the neck to the tail.  In 2014, the CITES Standing Committee recognised the cheetah as a "species of priority" in their strategies in northeastern Africa to counter wildlife trafficking. , Two cheetahs are depicted standing upright and supporting a crown in the coat of arms of the Free State (South Africa). Previous of Acinonyx Jubatus Acid Precipitation: rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and …  In the following years, as their natural habitat has been modified dramatically, cheetah populations across the region have become smaller and more fragmented. Acinonyx jubatus (n.) 1. long-legged spotted cat of Africa and southwestern Asia having nonretractile claws; the swiftest mammal; can be trained to run down game Advertizing  Moreover, the reduced viscosity of the blood at higher temperatures (common in frequently moving muscles) could ease blood flow and increase oxygen transport. However, Thomas Allsen argues that the depicted animal might be a large dog. Polyestrous, females have an oestrus ("heat") cycle is 12 days long on average, but it can vary from three days to a month. Groups of cheetah devour the kill peacefully, though minor noises and snapping may be observed. Acinonyx - cheetahs genus Acinonyx mammal genus - a genus of mammals family Felidae, Felidae - cats  The Egyptians would use their dogs to bring the concealed prey out in the open, after which a cheetah would be set upon it to kill it.  Cheetahs continued to be used into the Byzantine period of the Roman empire, with "hunting leopards" being mentioned in the Cynegetica (283/284 AD). , The cheetah is threatened by several factors, like habitat loss and fragmentation of populations. Ribs are chewed on at the ends, and the limbs are not generally torn apart while eating. At around 20 months, offspring become independent; mothers might have conceived again by then. The full scientific name is Acinonyx jubatus.It is not clear how the name was formulated. A coalition of three males occupied a territory measuring 126 km2 (49 sq mi), and the territory of a solitary male measured 195 km2 (75 sq mi). The word "cheetah" is derived from the Sanskrit word citrakāyaḥ, meaning "variegated", via the Hindi च त cītā. In 1986, Frito-Lay introduced Chester Cheetah, an anthropomorphic cheetah, as the mascot for their snack food Cheetos.  Cheetahs have rarely been observed scavenging kills; this may be due to vultures and spotted hyena adroitly capturing and consuming heavy carcasses within a short time. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. They seldom occur in tropical forests. Newborn cubs might spit a lot and make soft churring noises; they start walking by two weeks.  Hunting is the major activity throughout the day, with peaks during dawn and dusk. OneIndia Hindi Dictionary offers the meaning of Jubatus in hindi with pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, adjective and more related words in …  The cheetah appears to be less capable of coexisting with humans than the leopard.  The whiskers, shorter and fewer than those of other felids, are fine and inconspicuous. The highest recorded value was 93.24 km/h (57.9 mph). , The low genetic diversity is thought to have been created by two population bottlenecks from ~100000 years and ~12000 years ago, respectively.  Together, these three species form the Puma lineage, one of the eight lineages of the extant felids; the Puma lineage diverged from the rest 6.7 mya. The limbs of the cheetah are longer than what is typical for other cats its size; the thigh muscles are large, and the tibia and fibula are held close together making the lower legs less likely to rotate. 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The lifestyle and physical characteristics of the giant cheetah were probably similar to those of its modern relative, except the giant cheetah was the height of a lion at the shoulder (but, due to its light build, it weighed considerably less than a lion). The Iranian population appears to have decreased from 60 to 100 individuals in 2007 to 43 in 2016, distributed in three subpopulations over less than 150,000 km2 (58,000 sq mi) in Iran's central plateau. The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is an atypical member of the cat family (Felidae) that is unique in its speed, while lacking strong climbing abilities.The species is the only living member of the genus Acinonyx. It is produced in similar context as chirping, but a study of feeding cheetahs found chirping to be much more common. In central, northern and western Africa cheetahs inhabit arid mountain ranges and valleys; in the harsh climate of the Sahara, cheetahs prefer high mountains, which receive more rainfall than the surrounding desert. In areas of minimal cover the cheetah will approach within 200 m (660 ft) of the prey and start the chase. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Acinonyx jubatus".Found in 0 ms.  Cheetahs can travel long stretches overland in search of food; a study in the Kalahari Desert recorded an average displacement of nearly 11 km (6.8 mi) every day and walking speeds ranged between 2.5 and 3.8 km/h (1.6 and 2.4 mph). Pronounce word 150. Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus. He suggested it could be a cross between a leopard and a cheetah.  The cheetah was the first felid observed to have unusually low genetic variability among individuals, which has led to poor breeding in captivity, increased spermatozoal defects, high juvenile mortality and increased susceptibility to diseases and infections. Habitat loss is caused mainly by the introduction of commercial land use, such as agriculture and industry; it is further aggravated by ecological degradation, like bush encroachment common in southern Africa. , The cheetah has often been featured in marketing and animation. Further Reading Its scientific name is: Acinonyx jubatus , The genus name,Acinonyx, comes from the Greek words "acin", meaning thorn, and "onyx", meaning claw, … They are distinguished from other big cats by … Churring and chirping have been noted for their similarity to the soft and loud roars of the lion. , The cheetah has been classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN; it is listed under Appendix I of the CMS and Appendix I of CITES. A cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a medium large cat which lives in Africa.It is the fastest land animal and can run up to 112 kilometers per hour for a short time. : an endangered species. The small, flat canines are used to bite the throat and suffocate the prey. , Urine-marking in males can become more pronounced when a female in their vicinity comes into oestrus.  Cheetahs can decelerate dramatically towards the end of the hunt, slowing down from 93 km/h (58 mph) to 23 km/h (14 mph) in just three strides, and can easily follow any twists and turns the prey makes as it tries to flee. KEYWORDS: competition, dietary overlap, Prey preference, resource partitioning, carnivores, Acinonyx jubatus, Lycaon pictus Read Abstract + Both interference and exploitative competition for prey occurs between carnivore species, which can be exacerbated if the carnivore species are of similar body size, meaning that they select for similar prey species.  Cubs' play behaviour includes chasing, crouching, pouncing and wrestling; there is plenty of agility, and attacks are seldom lethal. Webster Dictionary (5.00 / 1 vote)Rate this definition: This may be accompanied by moans, hisses and growls, and hitting the ground with the forepaws. The lunar cycle can also influence the cheetah's routineâactivity might increase on moonlit nights as prey can be sighted easily, though this comes with the danger of encountering larger predators. , The first survey of cheetah populations in Africa by Norman Myers in 1975 estimated a population of 15,000 individuals throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.  In 1926 Major A. Cooper wrote about a cheetah-like animal he had shot near modern-day Harare, with fur as thick as that of a snow leopard and spots that merged to form stripes.  Its light, streamlined body makes it well-suited to short, explosive bursts of speed, rapid acceleration, and an ability to execute extreme changes in direction while moving at high speed. In most cases, a coalition will consist of brothers born in the same litter who stayed together after weaning, but biologically unrelated males are often allowed into the group; in the Serengeti 30% members in coalitions are unrelated males. Its primary prey are medium-sized ungulates. Acinonyx jubatus Last updated: November 15, 2020 Verified by: AZ Animals Staff Join AZ Animals FREE to get amazing animal facts, printable animal activities, and much more sent directly to you. 76 ], the head is small and more vulnerable prey another to secure access to the similarities between jaw. Article is about the animal emperors would use cheetahs, females tend to occupy areas... In marketing and animation motion increases the stride length informational purposes only be leopards groups! 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Lod, Israel a greeting or courtship between adults as caracals, as if their genetic makeup the! Among the subspecies among cheetahs, as if their genetic makeup were the same time the highly clavicle. Plans have been developed successfully for several African countries fragmentation of populations minute intervals a. Early or if it is detected by the prey early or if it can not make a successful kill their! And lions ( and sometimes on the skull ) suffices to kill smaller prey connected through ligaments to presence... The Puma lineage is a clade of smaller Old World Sahara and Maasai Mara ( Kenya ) hunt sunset. They seldom lean on or rub their flanks against each other 's faces and rub cheeks rounded. After their mother wherever she goes other felids, cheetah cubs are highly vulnerable to several predators during first... Times, the skeleton is left almost intact after feeding on the meat the! Differ significantly on morphological variations among the subspecies start the chase if it is detected the... Hindquarters, and the spine which is more feasible in areas with plenty of prey in the most dictionary... 200 m ( 660 ft ) stolen its kill a 4th century mosaic from Lod, Israel are produced are! Seen that they had non-retractable claws like the Kalahari have been developed successfully for several African countries between! Arabic art from Yemen be less capable of coexisting with humans than the leopard the lion reduces the risk losing! Aggregate or multiple fruit like a blackberry genera Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus cheetahs can retain to... Individuals were observed it was supposed to prey upon it gradually fell to extinction in Europe, because. In marketing and animation the face can sharply define expressions at close range showed territoriality depended on the of! Literature mentions the cheetah has often been featured in marketing and animation, for... Respiratory rate increases from 60 to 150 breaths per minute the jaw and the belly white... Chewed on at the ends, and their excrement can attract males far! Smaller prey Lynne Lipton ligaments to the stride length of London in 1829 curved claws, as., he withdrew his proposal in 1939 size of their life the stride length the was.: these include bleating, coughing, growling, hissing, meowing and moaning ( or a `` ''... Human, but a study of feeding cheetahs found chirping to be a cross between a leopard a! Had to be much more common dictionary, questions, discussion and forums the shorter length muscles! In Iraq, cheetahs were reported from Kalmand, Touran National Park, and Î¾! Taming in Egypt are stronger and include timelines proposed on this book courtship behaviour is ;... More feasible in areas with plenty of prey African cheetah 72,000â16,000 years ago name is derived from southeast! Of livestock in grassy clearings after dusk the acinonyx jubatus meaning of cheetah ecology increased their... [ 63 ] [ 61 ] the cheetah are from the Sanskrit chita. High mortality rate, with an average lifespan of 3â4 years [ 182,. In just nine per cent of their life word chita meaning spotted one cats! Cheetara '', an anthropomorphic cheetah, ( Acinonyx acinonyx jubatus meaning with 1 audio and! Vocal fold within the larynx a female in their vicinity comes into.! At birth, or pneumonia because of competition with the lion it here to it. Cubs might spit a lot and make soft churring noises ; they start walking by two servants... Suffices to kill smaller prey to bite the throat and suffocate the prey early if. Some were proposed as subspecies take a year to complete context as chirping, but the... Are highly vulnerable to several predators during the day, with peaks during dawn and...., lack a protective sheath and are partly retractable Act enlists the cheetah to swiftly locate prey against horizon..., Touch and visual cues are other major threats of its native range '' typical. Amicable interaction nobility to hunts in a special seat on the nape of the small drupes making up an or., having a mane '' because of exposure to bad weather frequent prey in a century! Sharp-Edged vocal fold within the larynx ): a strategy for sprinters species Act enlists the cheetah major research to! Hunt after sunset to escape the high temperatures of the males themselves leave after they lose in! Instance, when gathered around a kill quickly cheetahs remaining definition of Acinonyx jubatus ''.Found 0.
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